The state of Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of two entities: Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska. Brčko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina has a special status. The current constitutional and legal arrangement of Bosnia and Herzegovina was determined by the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, initialed in Dayton (USA) on 21 November 1995, and signed in Paris (France) on 14 December 1995.
It is located in South-Eastern Europe, in Western Balkans region. Its area size is 51.129 km² and population is 3,791,622 according to the 2013 population census. Power, at the state level of Bosnia and Herzegovina, is divided into:
• legislative (Parliamentary Assembly of Bosnia and Herzegovina)
• executive (BiH Presidency and BiH Council of Ministers)
• judicial (Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina).
- The competences of the state, entities and cantons are divided in relation to areas.
- Archival activity in Bosnia and Herzegovina is carried out by the following archives:
- Archive of Bosnia and Herzegoina
- Archive of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (entity of FBiH)
- Archive of Republic of Srpska (entity RS)
- Historical Archive Sarajevo (Canton Sarajevo - Within FBiH)
- Archive of Tuzlanski Canton (canton Tuzla - within FBiH)
- Archive of Una-Sana Canton (within FBiH)
- Archive of Herezgovina-Neretva Canton (within FBiH)
- Cantonal archive Široki Brijeg (Canton West Herzegovina - within FBiH9
- Archive of Bosansko podrinjski Canton (within FBiH)
- Archive of Central Bosnia Canton (within FBiH)
The archival materials that make up the archive collections in Bosnia and Herzegovina are composed of funds and archival material in the following groups: archival materials in oriental languages, administration, judiciary, education, science and culture, health and social policy, economy, socio-political organizations, family and personal funds, other collections (maps, plans, photographs, etc.). The archival materials of counterintelligence and security agencies that operated during the period of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1945-1992) such as UDBA (Uprava državne bezbjednosti - State Security Administration) and KOS (Kontra-obavještajna služba – Counterintelligence service) are for the most part in the archives of the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Croatia, while a smaller part of the materials related to this segment is in the possession of Intelligence – Security Agency of Bosnia and Herzegovina (OSA-OBA). Security Agency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and it can be stated that this type of material is not found in the archive funds in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Today the use of information technology is one of the most current, most challenging and pressing issues of archival activities in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The need for information and the right to access it have influenced a new direction of the archival science; that is to modernize and speed up the process of archival work, but also to achieve faster and easier access to information, of course, with the help of modern information technologies. Their application in Bosnia and Herzegovina is not satisfactory, and entails many issues. First of all: the issue of electronic commerce and electronic filing, the legal framework concerning the use of modern information technology, issues of computerization, networking of archival institutions in the country, using websites and the internet, as well as the issue of education and training of professionals in the field of information technology. Modern archival directions without modernization, with a lack of using of information technology and its direct involvement in the process of computerization, have no perspective. Ignorance and passivity towards the issue question the future of archival activities in general and the question of the existence of archives as institutions in modern society. For the continuation of traditional work and activities it is not sufficient to respond to the demands and challenges of modern society laid to archives and archival services of the country. Therefore, the use of modern information technologies for the needs of modern archives allows them to perform basic tasks as institutions. This is not an option, but the orientation of the future survival of archival activities.